Cranach the Elder Lucas. Venus and Cupid. Art print on canvas
Cranach the Elder Lucas. Venus and Cupid. Art print on canvas

Cranach the Elder Lucas. Venus and Cupid. Art print on canvas

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Author Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472 -1553)
Media of Original Painting Oil on canvas
Museum of original From collection of the Hermitage museum
Genres Nude Art
Countries The Art of Germany
Epochs Art about 17th Centuries
Subjects Myths and Legends
Date of Origin 1509
Size of original, cm 213x102
Aphrodite (Greek, Rom. Venus) is the ancient Greek goddess of love and beauty, the mother of Eros. Both gods and people submit to her love power. Only virgin goddesses Athena, Artemis and Hestia (Rom. Vesta, the goddess of the home) do not bend to her. Aphrodite protects lovers and persecutes those who reject love.
In many myths Aphrodite was extolled as the goddess of fertility, giving life to flora and fauna. Rose, apple, dolphin, pigeon were dedicated to her. There are several legends about Aphrodite birth. The most widespread one calls Aphrodite the daughter of Zeus and oceanid Dione. Another tells that the goddess springs from Uranus and that she was born from the sea-foam. Because of the fact that mythology connects Aphrodite with the sea, in many areas of the Ancient Greece, especially on the islands, she was revered as the patroness of navigation and was called sea Aphrodite and Aphrodite soothing the sea. The islands Cyprus and Kyphera near which Aphrodite appeared from the sea-foam were the principal center of the goddesss cult. From here the frequently used names Cyprida and Kypherea come.
The picture was created during Cranachs working as a court artist for the Saxon prince-elector in Wittenberg. The black background beautifully contrasts here with the warm golden colouring of the womans body, as if slightly touched by the southern sun.
In the picture Venus is presented as though she restrains her naughty son who is ready to shoot another arrow. But the image of the fatal and inevitable passion is performed by the very nudity of her rather ponderous body, by the splendour of her free dark brown hair, by a bit gloomy meditative look of her big almond-shaped eyes.
In this work Cranach comes close to the style of Renaissance Italian artists who made the aesthetic meaning of the image the chief aim of the art and for whom depicting a naked model served the best means for accomplishing this task.

See also:
Cranach Lucas the Elder . Venus and Cupid. Fine art print A2
Cranach the Elder Lucas. Venus and Cupid. Fine art postcard A6
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